A common error whenever combining sentences utilizing the – ing

A common error whenever combining sentences utilizing the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A mistake that is common combining sentences with the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it isn’t logically linked to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a modifier that is dangling . Glance at the example that is following

Running over the parking lot, my breathing expanded ragged and shallow.

In this phrase, jogging throughout the parking area appears to alter my breathing. The sentence should be rewritten so that the subject is placed immediately after the modifier or added to the dangling phrase since breath cannot jog.

Running throughout the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To make use of this process, one of several sentences must have a form of become as an assisting verb besides the – ed form that is verb. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones family members was delayed with a traffic jam. They arrived hours that are several the party began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by a traffic jam, the Jones family members arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

writing websites

Within the initial variation, had been will act as a assisting verb —it does not have any meaning on it’s own, however it acts a grammatical function by putting the key verb ( delayed) within the perfect tense.

For connecting two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( ended up being) additionally the topic ( the Jones family members) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This types a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) which can be included with the start or end for the other phrase based on which fits well. Just like the – ing modifier, be mindful to put the term that the expression modifies right after the expression to prevent a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers might help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Have a look at just exactly just how Naomi might utilize modifiers inside her paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a link between your government’s choice to bail the banks out and also the consequence of that decision—the purchase of this mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another method that authors utilize to mix sentences would be to join them employing a general clause. a general clause is a number of words which has an interest and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start out with a pronoun that is relative such as for example who, which, where, why, or when. See the following examples:

Initial sentences: The handling manager is visiting the business week that is next. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is going to the business week that is next.

The subject of one of the sentences ( he) for a relative pronoun ( who) to connect two sentences using a relative clause, substitute. This provides you a clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) that may be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling manager). Remember to maintain the phrase you need to stress once the clause that is main. For instance, reversing the main clause and subordinate clause into the preceding phrase emphasizes where in fact the handling manager life, not the reality that he is going to the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is visiting the business a few weeks, life in Seattle.

General clauses are a good method of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Take a good look at exactly exactly exactly how Naomi might include clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined general clauses can be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is for the phrase.

To check on the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or perhaps not the clause are removed from the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that general clause is perhaps perhaps maybe not important to this is regarding the phrase, it must be positioned in commas. If the clause that is relative necessary to this is associated with the phrase, it will not need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really an expressed term or band of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into your writing is just a way that is useful of sentences which are too brief and choppy. Have a look at the following example:

Original sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry people in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started food that is serving hungry people in 1930.

When you look at the revised phrase, “the Colonel” can be an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. The noun and turn it into a phrase to combine two sentences using an appositive, drop the subject and verb from the sentence that renames. Remember that in the example that is previous the appositive is put soon after the noun it defines. An appositive may be put anywhere in a phrase, however it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been anticipated to win the battle.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been anticipated to win the competition.

Unlike general clauses, appositives will always punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Take a good look at the way in which Naomi makes use of appositives to incorporate additional facts in her essay.


By yourself sheet of paper, rewrite the sentence that is following as one phrase making use of the methods you have got discovered in this part.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be created in just one of three straight ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean could be the world’s largest ocean. It stretches through the Arctic when you look at the north towards the Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won gold that is eight when you look at the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that each of them might have great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It’s then offered to chocolate-processing businesses at the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share with a classmate and compare your answers.

Writing in the office

As well as sentence that is varying, start thinking about varying the sorts of sentences you might be utilizing in a written report or other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, however a very very very carefully put concern, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, just because the subject matter is fairly dry. Suppose you may be composing a spending plan analysis. Starting your report by having a rhetorical question, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product sales?” encourages visitors to read on to find the answers out. Although they ought to be utilized sparingly in educational and writing that is professional concerns or commands work well rhetorical products.