Why did Henry VIII marry Catherine of Aragon?

Why did Henry VIII marry Catherine of Aragon?

After Elizabeth’s death, so that you can keep Catherine’s dowry the aging King Henry VII started negotiations to marry Catherine himself, though his plans had been obstructed by Catherine’s mom, Isabella of Castile.

Upon the loss of Henry VII in April 1509, 17-year-old Henry acceded to your throne. Prince Arthur’s death would be to be a lot more significant whenever Henry VIII made a decision to marry their brother’s widow, a selection which is why the few needed to get dispensation that is special the pope. Yet it had been perhaps maybe not a selection created solely of responsibility, writes historian Alison Weir.

“While the facts about her wedding to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, would stay a secret for years and years, there was clearly never ever any question that Catherine of Aragon’s marriage that is second his cousin, Henry VIII, ended up being ardently consummated to their wedding evening in June 1509.

This princess from mighty Spain, who brought him a rich dowry and international prestige to the fledgling Tudor dynasty, ” says Weir“To the 18-year-old, idealistic king, she was a great prize.

“He adored her: she had been, our company is told, ‘the most creature that is beautiful the world’. She ended up being 23, plump and pretty, together with breathtaking red-gold hair that hung below her hips. Henry talked freely of this joy and felicity he’d discovered with Catherine. ”

Ended up being the wedding of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon an one that is happy?

Their union had not been to keep cheerfully, if it had ever begun therefore. Henry and Catherine had been hitched for pretty much 24 years, and even though she bore him a child, the near future Mary we (b1516), their relationship ended up being affected by numerous miscarriages and stillbirths.

Yet Catherine had been an able and supportive consort to Henry and well-liked by her topics, also it’s known that the few rode and hunted together. She ruled as regent whenever Henry ended up being fighting in France, along with her military defeated the forces of King James IV of Scotland during the battle of Flodden in 1513.

Nevertheless, as their battles to conceive a healthier male heir proceeded, Henry VIII looked to many mistresses. Their affairs produced lots of illegitimate offspring (though a son Henry Fitzroy ended up being the child that is only be recognized), and Catherine was fundamentally put aside in favour of her lady-in-waiting Anne Boleyn.

As Henry desired an annulment to their marriage, Catherine ended up being afflicted by a protracted procedure of humiliation and heartbreak while she fought to show her fidelity to Henry and assert that she ended up being the rightful queen. Whenever Pope Clement VII declined to grant the annulment which he therefore desired, Henry’s infatuation with Anne sparked some slack with papal obedience, a catalyst that is key the English Reformation.

Henry formally married Anne Boleyn in January 1533, even though that mail-order-wives they had probably already hitched secretly at Dover in November 1532. Henry’s wedding to Catherine of Aragon wasn’t annulled because of the newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, until might 1533.

Exactly just How did Catherine of Aragon die?

This woman is understood only into the children’s rhyme about Henry’s spouses as ‘divorced’. Yet Catherine of Aragon also ‘survived’ for 36 months following the annulment of her wedding. Nevertheless, she ended up being banished through the king’s court and cruelly denied connection with her young child, Mary, also during her last infection (Henry did give a call from Catherine’s buddy Eustace Chapuys, the Spanish ambassador to the Tudor court).

She passed away in the chronilogical age of 50, of suspected heart cancer, on 7 January 1536 at Kimbolton Castle – simply four months before Henry’s 2nd spouse came across her horrifying and bloody end.

Catherine, in a grave marked ‘Dowager Princess of Wales’, ended up being hidden at Peterborough Abbey, now Peterborough Cathedral.

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Elinor Evans may be the Deputy Digital Editor of BBC History Magazine.